What is coronavirus
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.

 

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory illness that can spread from person to person. The virus that causes COVID-19 is a novel coronavirus that was first identified during an investigation into an outbreak in Wuhan, China.

The name comes from the Latin word corona, for crown, and the ancient Greek korōnè, meaning garland or wreath, because of the spiky fringe encircling these viruses. Most coronaviruses infect animals, such as bats, cats, and birds. Only seven, including Covid-19, SARS, and MERS, are known to infect humans.

Lauren Sauer, M.S., the director of operations with the Johns Hopkins Office of Critical Event Preparedness and Response and director of research with the Johns Hopkins Biocontainment Unit, shares information about COVID-19 and what you need to know.

COVID-19 can be passed from person to person through droplets from coughs and sneezes. COVID-19 has been detected in people all over the world, and is considered a pandemic. The spread of this new coronavirus is being monitored by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the World Health Organization and health organizations like Johns Hopkins across the globe.

COVID-19 appeared in Wuhan, a city in China, in December 2019. Although health officials are still tracing the exact source of this new coronavirus, early hypotheses thought it may be linked to a seafood market in Wuhan, China. Some people who visited the market developed viral pneumonia caused by the new coronavirus.

A study that came out on Jan. 25, 2020, notes that the individual with the first reported case became ill on Dec. 1, 2019, and had no link to the seafood market. Investigations are ongoing as to how this virus originated and spread.

Facts about coronavirus (COVID-19)
Started in December.

• The novel coronavirus originated in Wuhan, China, in late December. Source

Facts about coronavirus (COVID-19)
Has killed more than 25,251.

• The virus is now known to have infected more than 558,502 people around the world and killed more than 25,251 of them. Source

Facts about COVID-19.
175 Countries Affected.

• The virus has also spread to at least 175 countries and regions around the world in less than three months. Source

The Coronavirus Outbreak

Chinese authorities inform WHO about a new coronavirus:
Chinese Health officials informed the World Health Organization about a cluster of 41 patients with a mysterious pneumonia. Most were connected to the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market, a wet market in the city of Wuhan.

December 31, 2019

Chinese authorities identify the virus:
Chinese authorities identified the virus that caused the pneumonia-like illness as a new type of coronavirus (called novel coronavirus or nCoV).

January 07, 2019
First coronavirus case outside of China:
First coronavirus case outside of China is reported in Thailand as a
61-year-old female tourist was diagnosed on January 13. She’d recently spent time in Wuhan, China. Airports in Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, and South Korea also began to closely screen passengers for fever.
January 13, 2020
First US case is reported:
A 35-year-old man in Snohomish County, Washington was evacuated from Wuhan, China, and landed back at the Seattle–Tacoma International Airport on January 15. Though he initially showed no symptoms, he reported to an urgent care clinic with symptoms of pneumonia on January 19. He was diagnosed with the virus a day later.
January 20, 2020

WHO declares a global public-health emergency:
The WHO’s determination of “global public-health emergency” has been around since 2005 and been used only five times before. Those five include the ebola outbreak that started in 2013 in West Africa; another one that’s been ongoing in the Democratic Republic of Congo since 2018; the 2016 Zika epidemic; polio emerging in war zones in 2014; and the swine-flu pandemic in 2009.

January 30, 2020

First death outside China is recorded in the Philippines:
Chinese doctor and novel coronavirus whistleblower Li Wenliang died. At the onset of the outbreak, Wuhan-based Li warned some of his contacts from medical school about a new virus but was reprimanded by the authorities and forced to sign a letter acknowledging that he made “false comments.”

 

February 02, 2020
Chinese whistleblower Li Wenliang dies:
Chinese doctor and novel coronavirus whistleblower Li Wenliang died. At the onset of the outbreak, Wuhan-based Li warned some of his contacts from medical school about a new virus but was reprimanded by the authorities and forced to sign a letter acknowledging that he made “false comments.”
February 07, 2020
US citizen dies in Wuhan – first death of an American citizen:
The US citizen was 60 years old, according to the United States Embassy in Beijing, but little else is immediately known about the American.
February 08, 2020
Death toll in China surpasses that of the 2002-2003 SARS epidemic:
The death toll in China surpassed that of the 2002-2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic, which killed about 774 people globally.
February 09, 2020
South Korea Coronavirus cases start to spike:
As China’s number of new cases began to stabilize, South Korea’s began to soar. The Korean CDC believed that a 61-year-old female member of the controversial Shincheonji Church of Jesus, known as “Patient 31,” triggered a “superspreader” event at the church’s Daegu branch. She refused to be tested in hospital despite presenting symptoms, and coming into close contact with more than 1,000 churchgoers at several tightly packed services.
February 12, 2020

Iran Coronavirus cases start to spike:
With about 18,400 confirmed coronavirus cases, Iran is currently the third most-affected country in the world outside mainland China and Italy. All of the country’s schools and universities closed down February 23, along with many movie theaters and cultural centers.

February 19, 2020
Italy Coronavirus cases start to spike:
The country’s coronavirus caseload has skyrocketed — more than 41,000 people have been infected and more than 3,400 have died. It has become the most-affected nation by the coronavirus aside from China.
February 21, 2020
US reports first death on American soil:
The US’s first publicly confirmed death related to the coronavirus was a man in his 50s who had chronic underlying health issues. He died at Evergreen Health, a hospital in King County, Washington.
February 29, 2020
WHO declared the outbreak a pandemic:
The WHO made the designation is based on the geographic spread of the disease, the severity of illnesses it causes, and its effects on society. “Pandemic is not a word to use lightly or carelessly,” WHO’s director-general, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, told reporters at a press briefing announcing the determination in Geneva on March 11.
March 11, 2020
A US national emergency is declared over the novel coronavirus outbreak:
The declaration, made by President Trump, triggered the Stafford Act and allowed for more federal aid to states and municipalities. Trump said that his decision would open up access to $50 billion in aid money for US states and territories.
March 13, 2020

Nearly all US states declare a state of emergency:
The strategic announcements can help states activate emergency response plans and spend more money on preparedness actions. Such declarations also authorize leaders to use funds to deploy additional personnel, buy equipment, and prepare stockpiles.

March 19, 2020
New York City confirms 21,000 cases:
Making it the biggest epicenter of the outbreak in the US, New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo said on March 21 that — following a dramatic increase in processing COVID-19 tests — the state was reckoning with a significant rise in the number of coronavirus cases, the majority of which were identified in residents younger than 60.
March 23, 2020

The US leads the world:
The US leads the world with 82,404 confirmed cases, surpassing China’s 81,782 and Italy’s 80,589.

March 26, 2020
About 1 in 3 Americans are under lockdown as 12 states issue stay-at-home orders:
As coronavirus cases grew within the borders of several states, governors took the unprecedented steps of issuing “stay at home” orders. “Stay at home” orders mean that residents should avoid going outside except for essential services — going to buy food or medicine — and if they work in critical sectors.
March 27, 2020
More than 558,500 Confirmed Cases:
Globally, authorities report more than 558,500 confirmed cases of COVID-19, with about 431,000 being active and ongoing cases, roughly 128,000 recoveries, and 25,251 deaths.
March 27, 2020

How is coronavirus affecting the world
There are currently 800,049 confirmed cases and 38,714 deaths from the coronavirus COVID-19 outbreak as of March 31, 2020, 17:09 GMT.

O

n January 30, the WHO declared the outbreak and a global public health emergency, it was about thirty days later, they declared a pandemic.

In a dramatic and unprecedented response, China, the country with the most Covid-19 cases. implemented extensive quarantine requirements for it’s citizens. The most extensive known in the history of the world. They restricted movements, caused fear and panic which enabled them to get more control over the coronavirus outbreak. We started seeing a decline in cases around March.

Italy was the next country that got hit with positive cases and adopted quarantine measures that were similar to China. The virus has been spreading thoghtout Italy like wildfire, locking down over 16 million people in the country. Like China, Italy also restricted movements in the entire country.

Quick actions mean quick responses and that’s what Taiwan did. Taiwan being so close to China, began discovering cases in December and sped up their response to the outbreak, implementing measures and educating the public about curbing the disease’s spread. Taiwan has only reported one death from the virus, as of March 11.

Some governments have so far been able to halt the spread of coronavirus within their borders, seemingly through quick action. In recent weeks, the US government dramatically escalated its response: issuing its highest-level travel advisories, quarantining citizens evacuated from China, and banning foreign nationals who have recently been to China from coming in, as well as travelers from Iran. On March 11, Trump announced a 30-day travel ban from most of Europe to the US (excluding the UK). Governors from all over are enforcing “stay at home” and “shelter in place” orders and implementing other protective restrictions to protect the public and help curb the disease.

The CDC warned, on February 25, there may be a lot more to come; “disruption to everyday life might be severe.” This means Americans can expect more cancellations, quarantines, and social distancing efforts.

The severe measures can be explained by the fact that there’s still a lot we don’t know about this new virus and health officials are taking drastic actions. There’s also no enforceable international law governing outbreak responses, so countries can basically do what they want in response to pandemic threats without getting penalized, even if those actions are proportional or science-based, and the WHO is advising against them.

How is Coronavirus affecting Delawareans
From a state of emergency to school and non essential business closures, Delaware Governor John Carney is taking a stand to fight back.

COVID-19 appeared in Wuhan, a city in China, in December 2019. Although health officials are still tracing the exact source of this new coronavirus, early hypotheses thought it may be linked to a seafood market in Wuhan, China. Some people who visited the market developed viral pneumonia caused by the new coronavirus. A study that came out on Jan. 25, 2020, notes that the individual with the first reported case became ill on Dec. 1, 2019, and had no link to the seafood market. Investigations are ongoing as to how this virus originated and spread.

The outbreak that continues to kill thousands around the world was confirmed to have arrived in Delaware in mid-March after a University of Delaware professor tested positive. Days later, three more people associated with the University of Delaware tested positive. The number of confirmed positive cases in Delaware has increased daily.

Delaware health officials believe that the true number of cases is likely much higher than what has been confirmed and was expecting the rise in cases following the first case.  Testing has been limited nationally, including in Delaware, and there are reports of people being refused testing on the state level due to the limited supply of tests. One thing to note is that not all those who contract coronavirus will experience symptoms but could spread it to others.

Delaware's Response To COVID-19 Outbreak

DHSS COVID-19 Update:
In Delaware, DPH is currently monitoring 35 individuals. A total of 44 individuals have been tested for COVID-19, including the 4 individuals who tested positive for the disease. A total of 30 tests returned negative results, and 10 persons under investigation are awaiting test results.

March 12, 2020

DHSS COVID-19 Update:
The Delaware Division of Public Health (DPH) is announcing two more presumptive positive cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), bringing the total number of cases to six. The two individuals are associated with the University of Delaware community, and are linked to the initial presumptive positive cases.

March 14, 2020

Governor Carney Issues Stay At Home Order:
Governor John Carney on Sunday issued the fourth and fifth modifications to his State of Emergency declaration, ordering Delawareans to stay at home whenever possible and closing all non-essential businesses in Delaware to help fight the spread of COVID-19.

March 22, 2020

Governor Carney Declares A Public Health Emergency & Closes All Schools:
Governor John Carney on Monday declared a Public Health Emergency and released a more robust Order to assist with Delaware’s response to the coronavirus (COVID-19). Also on Monday, Governor John Carney ordered all Delaware schools to remain closed through at least Friday, May 15 to fight the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19).

March 23, 2020
Governor Carney Issues 6th Modification to Emergency Declaration:
Governor John Carney on Tuesday issued a sixth modification to his State of Emergency declaration, moving Delaware’s presidential primary to June 2, and suspending residential foreclosures and evictions during the outbreak of coronavirus (COVID-19).
March 24, 2020
Governor Carney Asks For Assistance From Vendors:
“We are thankful for the vendors that have already stepped up to offer their assistance during this time of crisis,” said Governor Carney. “It’s no surprise that so many Delawareans and Delaware businesses want to help our health care workers, and to keep as many of their neighbors as safe as possible. But we need everyone’s help in this effort. Delawareans should follow basic hygiene practices and stay home unless it’s essential to go out for work, or for the health and well-being of your family. We’ll get through this, but we all need to pitch in and take this threat seriously.”
March 25, 2020

Governor Carney Announced State Housing Assistance:
Governor John Carney and Delaware State Housing Authority (DSHA) Director Anas Ben Addi on Thursday announced a new program to provide emergency housing assistance to renters affected by shutdowns, closures, layoffs, reduced work hours, or unpaid leave due to the COVID-19 health crisis.

March 26, 2020

Governor Carney Holds Virtual Town Hall:
On Friday, March 27 at 11:00 a.m., Governor John Carney will host a virtual Q&A session with Delaware Secretary of Health and Social Services (DHSS), Dr. Kara Odom Walker, on Facebook and Livestream to answer questions about the coronavirus and Delaware’s response.

March 27, 2020

Governor Carney Orders Out-of-State Travelers to Immediately Self-Quarantine for 14 Days:
Governor John Carney on Sunday signed the seventh modification to his State of Emergency declaration, ordering all out-of-state travelers into Delaware to immediately self-quarantine for 14 days to fight the spread of COVID-19. 

March 29, 2020

Governor Carney Signs Order to Designate Emergency Child Care Sites for Essential Personnel:
Governor John Carney on Monday signed the eighth modification to his State of Emergency declaration, which allows child care programs in Delaware to be designated as emergency child care sites in an effort to assist essential personnel during the coronavirus crisis.

March 30, 2020

Governor Carney Restricts Gatherings, Requires Businesses to Strictly Comply with Social Distancing:
Governor Carney’s modified emergency order limits public gatherings to 10 people through May 15, or until the public health threat has been eliminated. For the purposes of the order, public gatherings include weddings, funerals, and related activities.

April 01, 2020

Governor Carney Issued a Community Call-to-action:
Governor John Carney issued a community call-to-action on Thursday, urging all Delaware citizens, businesses and nonprofits to offer their assistance in Delaware’s fight against coronavirus disease (COVID-19). 

Also this week, three dozen inmates who are employed in the James T. Vaughn Correctional Center garment shop began producing cotton face masks for the correctional system and first responders as the Delaware Department of Correction steps up to support the First State’s COVID-19 response.

April 02, 2020

While the majority of cases are in New Castle County, The Delaware totals listed here come from reports released by Delaware Health and Social Services.

What you can do to prevent coronavirus
Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak.

Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.

The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is be well informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes and how it spreads. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol based rub frequently and not touching your face.

The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).

At this time, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19. However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments. WHO will continue to provide updated information as soon as clinical findings become available.

You can help stop the spread of the virus.
Staying Home Saves Lives.

• Distancing slows the spread of COVID-19
• The virus spreads mainly through coughs and sneezes
• You’ll help protect essential resources for the sickest patients

Source: www.cdc.gov

You can help stop the spread of the virus.
Stay Connected Online.

• Have a dinner party over video chat
• Host an online book club
• Check in with friends

Source: www.cdc.gov

You can help stop the spread of the virus.
Acknowledge The Stress.

Know that any anxiety and fear is normal
Talk to others about your feelings
Take breaks from the news

Source: www.cdc.gov

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